acronym for check disk) is a Microsoft®
utility designed to check the integrity of the data on a computer's hard
disk drive as well as find and fix errors which can muddle data. Using
also improve the performance of your computer. Running chkdsk
on your Windows®Vista
system can most often repair numerous problems you may experience
and/or encounter. Many people regularly run chkdsk
as a part
of their overall computer maintenance plan. To use chkdsk
Click to open Computer.
click the hard disk drive that you want to check (e.g. "C"),
and then click Properties.
Click the Tools tab, and, under Error-Checking, click Check
Now. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation,
type the password or provide confirmation.
Notes: To automatically repair
problems that are discovered in files and folders, select Automatically
Fix File System Errors. Otherwise, chkdsk will only report
the problems it discovers but not fix them.
To perform a thorough chkdsk,
select ScanFor and Attempt Recovery of Bad Sectors. This
will allow scan chkdsk to both find and repair physical errors
hard disk. This can take
much longer to complete depending upon the size of your hard drive and
the amount of information stored there.
To use chkdsk to
look for both file errors and physical errors, select both Automatically
Fix File System Errors and ScanFor and Attempt Recovery
of Bad Sectors and then click Start.
To obtain the best results,
do not use your computer for any other task while chkdsk is
If you select Automatically
Fix File System Errors for a disk that is in use, for example,
a hard disk partition that contains Windows Vista, you will be prompted
to schedule chkdsk for the next time you restart your computer.
You can also run sfc
/scannow at the command prompt to look for and fix errors. Do this
Finding your Command Prompt in the start menu (usually) under Accessories 2.
clicking on it and selecting the Run as Administrator option
Typing in sfc /scannow at the command prompt
Pressing Enter to start the process